Vermont: Emissions and Emissions Reduction Targets

SOURCE: ENE analysis using EPA State Inventory Tool and State Greenhouse Gas Emissions Targets

This chart shows state emissions trends (historical and projected) and emissions reduction targets, offering a picture of Vermont’s progress to date.

This chart shows total greenhouse gas emissions by sector, and tracks emissions trends in Vermont from 1990 through 2010.

This chart presents Vermont’s generation mix in 2001 and 2011, and shows the dramatic impact that can be achieved with sustained commitment to energy efficiency.

Total state emissions have declined slightly in the last decade, and transportation emissions have also decreased.

This chart compares motor gasoline emissions to forest sequestration in 2000 and 2010 to demonstrate how forests can offset emissions in other sectors.

All eight northeastern states have emissions reduction targets. In order to compare emissions trends with long-term targets, ENE extended EPA State Inventory Tool emissions projections out to 2050. According to ENE analysis and inventory data, Vermont does not appear to have met its 2012 target and is not on track to meet its 2028 or 2050 targets if current emissions trends continue.

As part of ClimateVision 2020, ENE completed comprehensive greenhouse gas inventories for the eight northeastern states. Vermont’s total emissions have fluctuated over the inventory period, with 2010 total emissions slightly higher than 1990 emissions.  The largest source of emissions is the transportation sector, which was responsible for 49% of overall state emissions in 2010. Unlike the other states in the region, Vermont does not have significant electric power emissions. Vermont’s in-state generation portfolio has shifted somewhat over the last decade, but the state continues to rely largely on nuclear power. Energy efficiency now makes up a substantial proportion of the portfolio mix.

The carbon dioxide removed and stored by forests each year fluctuates according to harvest practices and changes in land use.  Vermont forests are a significant source of regional sequestration, and offset 225% of motor gasoline emissions in the state in 2010.